The Anglo-French War refers to any war that has been fought between England and France. There had been a series of war fought between France and England from the period 1202-1214 to the Anglo-French War of 1815. The most significant were the wars fought between the years 1202- 1214, the Hundred Years War (1337-1453), the Thirty Years war (1627-1629), and the American Revolutionary Wars (1778-1783). Here we discuss few of them.
The Anglo-French War (1202-1214)
This war actually took place in Normandy, where King John of England confronted King Phillip of
France to snatch his power. The king John of England who also stood as the Duke of Normandy
guarded his territory against the King of France since it was near Paris. This was the real factor
behind Normandy being the most war affected region. In the beginning Richard I of England
confronted Phillip II of France in this region. When Richard's successor King John took to the throne
he raged widespread battles to extend his kingdom. First he set out a war in Normandy to confront
Phillip who controlled all the lands. But, John had to lose many territories and this lead to the great
battle of Chateau Gaillard between the periods 1203 to 1204. After this, the English soldiers then
returned to the castle to re-affirm their position but their attempts proved futile. Soon after this,
King Phillip asked his soldiers to attack England through garderobes also known as toilet chutes. This
event resulted in the breakdown of the castle.
In the year 1214, when Pope Innocent III gathered allies of states against France, King John agreed to join in. The allies attacked King Phillips at Bouvines. King Phillips turned victorious when the Battle of Bouvines ended as he used the strategy of couched lances. France was finally victorious when they captured Flanders and strongly resisted all attempts of King John to re-capture the territories he lost.
The Anglo-French War (1627-1629)
This Anglo-French War was part of the Thirty Years War. The Thirty Years War was nothing but
a series of wars fought in Central Europe which involved most countries of Europe and covered
the period 1618-1648. It was the longest and the most destructive wars in the European history.
The source of the conflict was initially due to a religious war fought between Protestantism and
Catholicism. Later the war got extensive and involved big powers. It lead to a massive warfare
between France and the Habsburg powers. This war ended with the treaties of Osnabruck and
Munster which were part of Peace of Westphalia.
The Anglo-French War of 1627-1629 saw actions mostly at sea. The conflict centered on the Siege of La Rochelle in which the English crown supported the revolt of the French Huguenots against the French royal forces of Louis XIII of France. The conflict was followed by the destruction of the Anglo- French alliances of 1624. The Siege of Saint-Martin-de-Re saw England lose out in a battle on the island of Lle-de-Re. George Villers, the first Duke of Buckingham was unsuccessful in fighting against the central government of France by supporting the Huguenots. He ran out of money and the army men were attacked by various diseases. The Siege of La Rochelle saw England send two more fleets of ship to relieve La Rochelle from the French control. But, England was unsuccessful yet again, and the city surrendered on October 28th, 1628.
After these series of losses, England ended its involvement in the Thirty Years War by signing a peace treaty with France in 1629. England also moves away from all European affairs to the surprise of the Protestant forces of the continent.